Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Nursing Diagnosis and Care Plan
GBS or Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare disease that causes the body to become weak loss of sensitivity can usually recover completely in a matter of weeks, months or years. GBS takes its name from two French scientists, Guillain and Barré, who discovered the two soldiers in war who suffered paralysis in 1916 and then recovered after receiving medical treatment. This disease affects one in 40,000 people each year.

Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Can be infected at all age levels ranging from children to adults
  • Rarely found in the elderly
  • Is more common in men
  • Not a hereditary disease
  • It can not be transmitted through birth, infected or infected from others who suffer from GBS
  • However, there could be a week or two weeks after the infection of the intestines or throat.

What is the symptoms of GBS?

Guillain Barre Syndrome is generally asymptomatic early: sense tingling needle tip toes or numbness in the hands or body parts. Legs feel heavy and stiff or hardened, the arm feels weak and can not hold hands or turning tightly seusatu well (the unlock, open cans, etc.)

Early symptoms may disappear within a few weeks, the patient usually does not feel the need to care or difficult to explain to the doctors to ask for further treatment because the symptoms will disappear when checked.

Later stage when symptoms begin to appear difficulty, for example: hard-stepping feet, a sore arm is weak, and then doctors discovered nerve reflexes have lost arm function.

What Causes of Guillain-Barre syndrome?

Guillain-Barre syndrome arises from peripheral nerve swelling, resulting in the absence of messages from the brain to make movements that are acceptable to the affected muscles. Because many of the affected nerves, including nerves immune system, the immune system would be chaotic. By not told he would discharge the immune system in places that are not desirable.

With treatment the immune system attacks the nerves and will stop working properly.

How is GBS Diagnosed?

Guillain Barre Syndrome diagnoses obtained from medical history and test results of physical and laboratory tests. From the history of disease, drugs commonly drunk, alcoholics, infections ever suffered, tick bites, the doctor will conclude whether the patient is in the list of GBS patients. Do not forget to also have a history of diseases suffered by patients or relatives of patients such as diabetes mellitus, a diet that is done, everything will be examined closely by a doctor can make a verdict if you are affected by GBS or other diseases.

Is GBS patients need special care?

Patients usually will weaken within a few weeks, and therefore intensive care is needed in the stages where GBS began to be detected. In accordance with the stages and levels of disability the patient then the doctor will determine what patients need treatment in the ICU or not.
About 25% of GBS patients have difficulty in:

     ability to swallow
     difficult cough

In the above mentioned conditions, usually the patient will be given the aid of a ventilator to assist breathing.

Self-care tips

Because the exact cause of GBS can not point, there is no known way to prevent it. However, it's important to seek immediate medical treatment for any symptoms of muscle weakness and loss of reflexes. However, it is important to seek immediate medical care for any symptoms of muscle weakness and loss of reflexes. Early treatment improves the outlook for recovery. Early treatment increases the prospects for recovery.
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